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Twin Cities Courses

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GEOGRAPHY (GEOG)
College of Liberal Arts
Geography, Environment, Society
 
GEOG 1301W - Our Globalizing World (SOCS, GP, WI)
(3.0 cr; =[GEOG 1301V]; fall, spring, summer, every year)
Introduction to geographical understandings of globalization and of connections/differences between places.



GEOG 1372 - Geography of Global Cities (SOCS, GP)
(3.0 cr; =[GLOS 1672]; fall, every year)
Urban forms/processes. Uses key global cities as examples. Political, historical, and economic contexts of cities. Planning ideologies. Globalization. Race/segregation. Population growth. Environmental problems. Current issues in global urbanization.



GEOG 1403 - Biogeography of the Global Garden (BIOL, ENV)
(4.0 cr; =[GEOG 1403H]; fall, spring, every year)
The geography of biodiversity and productivity, from conspicuous species to those that cause human disease and economic hardship. The roles played by evolution and extinction, fluxes of energy, water, biochemicals, and dispersal. Experiments demonstrating interactions of managed and unmanaged biotic with the hydrologic cycle, energy budgets, nutrient cycles, the carbon budget, and soil processes.



GEOG 1403H - Honors: Biogeography of the Global Garden (BIOL, ENV)
(4.0 cr; =[GEOG 1403]; Prereq-Honors; A-F only, fall, spring, every year)
The geography of biodiversity and productivity, from conspicuous species to those that cause human disease and economic hardship. The roles played by evolution and extinction, fluxes of energy, water, biochemicals, and dispersal. Experiments demonstrating interactions of managed and unmanaged biotic with the hydrologic cycle, energy budgets, nutrient cycles, the carbon budget, and soil processes.



GEOG 1425 - Introduction to Meteorology (PHYS, ENV)
(4.0 cr; =[ESPM 1425]; Prereq-High school algebra; fall, spring, every year)
Nature of atmosphere, its behavior. Atmospheric composition, structure, stability, motion. Precipitation processes, air masses, fronts, cyclones, anticyclones. General weather patterns. Meteorological instruments/observation. Weather map analysis. Weather forecasting.



GEOG 1502 - Mapping Our World (TS, SOCS)
(3.0 cr; fall, spring, every year)
Fundamental issues related to acquisition, storage, manipulation, analysis, display, and interpretation of spatially-referenced data. Emphasizes mathematical analysis of data, interpretation of cultural/physical patterns critical to development of geographical reasoning.



GEOG 1901 - Freshman Seminar (ENV)
(3.0 cr; Prereq-Fr; A-F only, fall, spring, offered periodically)
Topics specified in Class Schedule.



GEOG 1904 - Freshman Seminar (GP)
(3.0 cr; Prereq-freshman; fall, every year)
Topics specified in Course Guide.



GEOG 1905 - Freshman Seminar
(3.0 cr; Prereq-Fr; fall, every year)
Topics specified in Class Schedule.



GEOG 1906W - Freshman Seminar (WI)
(3.0 cr; Prereq-freshman; A-F or Aud, spring, every year)
Topics specified in Class Schedule.



GEOG 1910W - Freshman Seminar (WI)
(3.0 cr; Prereq-Fr; A-F or Aud, fall, every year)
Topics specified in Class Schedule.



GEOG 1973 - Geography of the Twin Cities (SOCS)
(3.0 cr; =[GEOG 3973]; fall, spring, every year)
Social and physical characteristics of the Twin Cities. Their place in the urban network of the United States.



GEOG 3101 - Geography of the United States and Canada (SOCS, TS)
(4.0 cr; =[GEOG 3102]; fall, spring, every year)
Analysis of the ways in which the aspirations and abilities of diverse groups of people interact with the complexities of the natural environment to produce the contemporary pluralistic cultures and regional differentiation of the United States and Canada.



GEOG 3111 - Geography of Minnesota
(3.0 cr; spring, summer, every year)
The evolution of Minnesota and its current geographical characteristics. The state is a unique political entity that possesses similarities with other states because of the homogenizing influence of the federal government.



GEOG 3141 - Africa
(3.0 cr; =[AFRO 3141]; fall, every year)
Regional differentiation of human groups and environments; culture contact and problems of underdeveloped countries south of the Sahara.



GEOG 3145 - The Islamic World (SOCS, GP)
(3.0 cr; =[RELS 3711, GLOS 3645]; fall, every year)
Foundation of Islam in Arabian Peninsula, its spread to Asia and Africa. Islamic civilization, influence on Europe before rise of capitalism. Rise of Capitalist Europe, colonization of Islamic World Islamic resurgence and post-colonial world. State-society and development. Culture/conflict in Moslem societies. Gender and Islam. Islamic World and the West. Moslems in North America and Europe. Case studies.



GEOG 3161 - Europe: A Geographic Perspective (GP)
(3.0 cr; =[GLOS 3921]; fall, even academic years)
Comparative analysis and explanation of Europe's physical, demographic, ethnic/cultural, economic, political, and urban landscapes. European integration--the European Union. Transformation of Eastern Europe.



GEOG 3212 - Producing India
(3.0 cr; fall, spring, offered periodically)
Colonial rule, anti-/post-colonial nationalisms. State, modernization, domestic/international conflicts. Development planning. Rural/urban transformations, emerging ecologies. Population, poverty, migrations. Media, post-colonial politics. Contested imaginations of "India."



GEOG 3331 - Geography of the World Economy (SOCS, GP)
(3.0 cr; fall, spring, summer, every year)
Geographical distribution of resources affecting development; location of agriculture, industry, services; geography of communications; agglomeration of economic activities, urbanization, regional growth; international trade; changing global development inequalities; impact of globalizing production and finance on the welfare of nations, regions, cities.



GEOG 3361W - Geography and Public Policy (WI)
(3.0 cr; =[BSE 3361W]; fall, every year)
Nature/effects of federal policy in the United States. How documents produced as policy are crafted/implemented. Policies relating to food/agriculture, forestry, wildlife, and transportation.



GEOG 3371V - Honors: Introduction to Urban Geography (WI)
(4.0 cr; Prereq-Honors)
Character, distribution, development of cities in present-day world. Internal/external locational relationships.



GEOG 3371W - Cities, Citizens, and Communities (DSJ, WI)
(4.0 cr; fall, spring, summer, every year)
Introduction to cities and suburbs as unique crossroads of cultural, social, and political processes. Competing/conflicting visions of city life, cultural diversity, and justice. Focuses on the American city.



GEOG 3373 - Changing Form of the City (HIS, GP)
(3.0 cr; spring, every year)
Urban origins, ancient cultures/cities, the medieval city, rediscovery of planning, colonial cities. Industrialization and urban expansion. Speculative cities, utopian cities, planning triumphs/disasters. Cities as reflections of society, culture, the past.



GEOG 3374V - Honors: The City in Film (WI)
(4.0 cr; =[GEOG 5374W, GEOG 3374W]; Prereq-honors; spring, every year)
Cinematic portrayal of changes in 20th-century cities worldwide. Social/cultural conflict, political/economic processes, changing gender relationships, rural versus urban areas, population/development issues (especially as they affect women/children). Additional weekly meeting discusses films, readings. Project on a topic selected in consultation with instructor.



GEOG 3374W - The City in Film (AH, WI)
(4.0 cr; =[GEOG 5374W, GEOG 3374V]; spring, every year)
Cinematic portrayal of changes in 20th-century cities worldwide including social and cultural conflict, political and economic processes, changing gender relationships, rural versus urban areas, and population and development issues (especially as they affect women and children).



GEOG 3376 - Political Ecology of North America (ENV)
(3.0 cr; fall, every year)
Social production of nature in North America related to questions of social/environmental justice. Economic, political, cultural, ecological relations that shape specific urban/rural environments, social movements that have arisen in response to environmental change. Importance of culture/identity in struggles over resources/environments.



GEOG 3377 - Music in the City (DSJ)
(3.0 cr; A-F or Aud, spring, every year)
Geographical conceptions of place, space, embodiment, identity. Case studies of music.



GEOG 3379 - Environment and Development in the Third World (SOCS, ENV)
(3.0 cr; =[GLOS 3303]; Prereq-Soph or jr or sr; A-F or Aud, spring, every year)
Concepts for analyzing relations between capitalist development and environment in Third World. Historical geography of capitalist development. Case studies. Likelihood of social/environmental sustainability.



GEOG 3381W - Population in an Interacting World (SOCS, GP, WI)
(4.0 cr; fall, spring, summer, every year)
Comparative analysis and explanation of trends in fertility, mortality, internal and international migration in different parts of the world; world population problems; population policies; theories of population growth; impact of population growth on food supply and the environment.



GEOG 3388 - Going Places: Geographies of Travel and Tourism (CIV)
(3.0 cr; A-F only, spring, every year)
Global flows of tourism from perspective of debates about consumption, development, identity, and the environment. Close reading, field trips, discussion of films, research paper.



GEOG 3401 - Geography of Environmental Systems and Global Change (ENV)
(4.0 cr; =[GEOG 5401]; A-F or Aud, spring, every year)
Geographic patterns, dynamics, and interactions of atmospheric, hydrospheric, geomorphic, pedologic, and biologic systems as context for human population, development, and resource use patterns.



GEOG 3401H - Honors: Geography of Environmental Systems and Global Change
(4.0 cr; Prereq-Honors; A-F or Aud)
Geographic patterns, dynamics. Interactions of atmospheric, hydrospheric, geomorphic, pedologic, biologic systems as context for human population, development, resource use patterns.



GEOG 3411W - Geography of Health and Health Care (WI)
(4.0 cr; =[GEOG 5411]; fall, every year)
Application of human ecology, spatial analysis, political economy, and other geographical approaches to analyze problems of health and health care. Topics include distribution and diffusion of disease; impact of environmental, demographic, and social change on health; distribution, accessibility, and utilization of health practitioners and facilities.



GEOG 3431 - Plant and Animal Geography
(3.0 cr; =[GEOG 5431]; fall, spring, offered periodically)
Introduction to biogeography. Focuses on patterns of plant/animal distributions at different scales over time/space. Evolutionary, ecological, and applied biogeography. Paleobiogeography, vegetation-environment relationships, vegetation dynamics/disturbance ecology, human impact on plants/animals, nature conservation. Discussions, group/individual projects, local field trips.



GEOG 3511 - Principles of Cartography
(4.0 cr; Prereq-3 cr in geog or #; spring, offered periodically)
History and development of U.S. academic cartography, coordinate systems and map projections, data classification and map generalization, methods of thematic symbolization, and cartographic design. A series of computer-based lab exercises will apply conceptual lecture material to the creation of thematic maps.



GEOG 3521 - Digital Planet: Understanding Your World in the Information Age (TS)
(3.0 cr; fall, every year)
Mobile geospatial information technologies-- from cell phone tracking/vehicle navigation to virtual globe mapping. Potentials, limits, and concerns about their use and ongoing developments. Use GPS and video to produce a GeoDiary. Surveillance, cyberspace, and more common geospatial applications, especially those relying on mobile devices.



GEOG 3523 - Digital Mapping: Introduction to Making Online Maps for the Humanities and Sciences
(3.0 cr; spring, every year)
Digital technologies with an emphasis on creating online maps and using digital geobrowser technologies. Google Earth, NASA WorldWind. Quantum GIS, GPS software/hardware. Manipulating data, preparing analysis, and making online interactive maps, called mashups.



GEOG 3531 - Numerical Spatial Analysis
(4.0 cr; =[GEOG 5531]; fall, summer, every year)
Introduction to theoretical and applied aspects of geographical quantitative methods with a focus on spatial analysis. Emphasis placed on the analysis of geographical data for spatial problem solving in both the human and physical areas of the discipline.



GEOG 3561 - Principles of Geographic Information Science
(4.0 cr; Prereq-Jr or sr; fall, spring, every year)
Introduction to study of geographic information systems (GIS) for geography and non-geography students. Topics include GIS application domains, data models and sources, analysis methods and output techniques. Lectures, readings and hands-on experience with GIS software.



GEOG 3561H - Honors: Principles of Geographic Information Science
(4.0 cr; Prereq-Honors, [jr or sr])
Introduction to study of geographic information systems (GIS). GIS application domains, data models/sources, analysis methods, output techniques. Lectures, readings, hands-on experience with GIS software.



GEOG 3573 - Introduction to Digital Mapping: ArcGIS Basis
(2.0 cr; =[GIS 5573]; A-F only, fall, every year)
Desktop mapping functions using ArcGIS software. Application of systems to display/analysis of geographical data.



GEOG 3839 - Introduction to Dendrochronology
(3.0 cr; Prereq-[1403, [BIOL 1001 or BIOL 1009 or equiv]] or #; fall, every year)
Historical development, operational techniques, biological background, and principles of tree ring analysis. Applications of tree-ring data to investigate environmental change and past cultures.



GEOG 3900 - Topics in Geography
(3.0 cr [max 9.0 cr]; fall, spring, offered periodically)
Special topics/regions covered by visiting professors in their research fields.



GEOG 3973 - Geography of the Twin Cities (SOCS)
(3.0 cr; =[GEOG 1973]; fall, spring, every year)
Social/physical characteristics of Twin Cities. Their place in U.S. urban network.



GEOG 3985V - Honors Senior Project Seminar (WI)
(4.0 cr; Prereq-Honors, #; fall, spring, every year)
Completion of research/writing of senior project.



GEOG 3985W - Senior Project Seminar (WI)
(4.0 cr; Prereq-[jr or sr], #; fall, spring, summer, every year)
Complete the research/writing of senior project.



GEOG 3992 - Directed Reading
(1.0 - 8.0 cr [max 12.0 cr]; fall, spring, every year)
Guided individual reading. Prereq-instr consent, dept consent, college consent.



GEOG 3992H - Honors: Directed Reading
(1.0 - 8.0 cr [max 12.0 cr]; fall, spring, offered periodically)
Guided individual reading. Prereq-Honors, instr consent, college consent, dept consent.



GEOG 3993 - Directed Studies
(1.0 - 8.0 cr [max 12.0 cr]; fall, spring, every year)
Guided individual study. Prereq-instr consent, dept consent, college consent.



GEOG 3993H - Honors: Directed Studies
(1.0 - 8.0 cr [max 12.0 cr]; spring, every year)
Guided individual study. Prereq honors, instr consent, dept consent, college consent.



GEOG 3994 - Directed Research
(1.0 - 8.0 cr [max 12.0 cr]; fall, spring, summer, every year)
Individual guided research. Prereq instr consent, dept consent, college consent.



GEOG 3994H - Honors: Directed Research
(1.0 - 8.0 cr [max 12.0 cr]; fall, spring, every year)
Individual guided research. Prereq honors, instr consent, dept consent, college consent.



GEOG 3995 - Community Service Learning supplemental credit
(1.0 - 4.0 cr [max 8.0 cr]; Prereq-[&3xxx or &5xxx] geography course with structured community service learning component, #; fall, offered periodically)
Community service learning component added to course.



GEOG 3996 - Senior Project Directed Research
(3.0 - 4.0 cr [max 8.0 cr]; =[GEOG 3996H]; A-F only, fall, spring, summer, every year)
Individual guided research course taken in fulfillment of the senior project requirement. Prereq instr consent,dept consent,college consent.



GEOG 3996H - Honors: Senior Project Directed Research
(3.0 - 4.0 cr [max 4.0 cr]; =[GEOG 3996]; A-F only, fall, spring, summer, every year)
Individual guided research course taken in fulfillment of the senior project requirement. Prereq instr consent, dept consent, college consent.



GEOG 3997 - Senior Project
(2.0 cr [max 4.0 cr]; =[GEOG 3997H]; A-F only, fall, spring, summer, every year)
Senior Project add-on credit. Must be taken concurrently with required or elective course related to area of specialization. Prereq instr consent, dept consent, college consent.



GEOG 3997H - Honors: Senior Project
(2.0 cr [max 4.0 cr]; =[GEOG 3997]; A-F only, fall, spring, summer, every year)
Senior Project add-on credit. Must be taken concurrently with required or elective course related to area of specialization. Prereq instr consent, dept consent, college consent.



GEOG 4001 - Modes of Geographic Inquiry
(4.0 cr; fall, spring, summer, every year)
Examination of competing approaches to the study of geography. Environmental determinism; regional tradition; scientific revolution; behavioral geography; modeling and quantitative geography; radical geography; interpretive and qualitative approaches; feminist and postmodern geography; ecological thinking and complexity; geographic ethics.



GEOG 4002W - Environmental Thought and Practice (WI)
(3.0 cr; Prereq-Jr or sr; spring, offered periodically)
Changing conceptions of nature, culture, and environment in Western social/political thought. How our understanding of humans/nonhumans has been transformed by scientific and technological practices. Interdisciplinary, reading intensive.



GEOG 5361 - Geography and Real Estate
(4.0 cr; spring, every year)
Origins and evolution of land ownership in the United States.



GEOG 5374W - The City in Film (WI)
(4.0 cr; =[GEOG 3374W, GEOG 3374V]; Prereq-grad student or #; spring, every year)
Cinematic portrayal of changes in 20th-century cities worldwide. Social/cultural conflict, political/economic processes, changing gender relationships, rural versus urban areas, population/development issues (especially as they affect women/children). Meets concurrently with 3374. Additional weekly meeting discusses films, readings. Project on a topic selected in consultation with instructor.



GEOG 5385 - Globalization and Development: Political Economy
(4.0 cr; Prereq-Sr or grad or #; fall, spring, offered periodically)
Nature/scope of modern world system (capitalism), its impact on regional development processes. Roles of state and of international financial institutions.



GEOG 5393 - Rural Landscapes and Environments
(4.0 cr; spring, every year)
Analysis of three principal components of rural landscape (form of land surface, plant life that cloaks it, structures that people have placed upon it). Structures associated with agriculture, including mining, forestry, resort areas, and small towns.



GEOG 5401 - Geography of Environmental Systems and Global Change
(4.0 cr; =[GEOG 3401]; Prereq-grad student or #)
Processes that create/change the spatial patterns of climate, vegetation, and soils. Potential of humans to alter climate, vegetation, and soil processes. Possible impacts of human-altered environmental conditions.



GEOG 5411 - Geography of Health and Health Care (WI)
(4.0 cr; =[GEOG 3411W]; fall, every year)
Application of human ecology, spatial analysis, political economy, and other geographical approaches to analyze problems of health and health care. Topics include distribution and diffusion of disease; impact of environmental, demographic, and social change on health; distribution, accessibility, and utilization of health practitioners and facilities.



GEOG 5421 - Introduction to Atmospheric Science
(3.0 cr; =[ES 5421]; Prereq-Familiarity with fundamentals of physics, calculus, and statistics, including differential and integral calculus and basic differential equations and basic thermodynamics, mechanics, and the electromagnetic spectrum)
Calculus-based introduction to atmospheric dynamics, radiation, thermodynamics, chemical composition, and cloud processes. Applications to climate, meteorology, the hydrologic cycle, air quality, and biogeochemical cycles.



GEOG 5423 - Climate Models and Modeling
(3.0 cr; Prereq-3401 or #)
Survey of development and research with simple and complex (three-dimensional) climate models. Environmental processes and their numerical representation in climate models; evaluation of model sensitivity and accuracy; coupling between atmosphere, biosphere, hydrosphere, and cryosphere; assessment of model predictions for climate change.



GEOG 5426 - Climatic Variations
(3.0 cr; Prereq-1425 or 3401 or #)
Theories of climatic fluctuations and change at decadal to centuries time scales; analysis of temporal and spatial fluctuations especially during the period of instrumental record.



GEOG 5431 - Plant and Animal Geography
(3.0 cr; =[GEOG 3431]; fall, offered periodically)
Introduction to biogeography. Focuses on patterns of plant/animal distributions at different scales over time/space. Evolutionary, ecological, and applied biogeography. Paleobiogeography, vegetation-environment relationships, vegetation dynamics/disturbance ecology, human impact on plants/animals, nature conservation. Discussions, group/individual projects, local field trips.



GEOG 5511 - Principles of Cartography
(3.0 cr; spring, offered periodically)
Topics on data sources for mapping. History of thematic cartography (focused on 19th-century European activity). Multivariate classification/symbolization. Models for cartographic generalization, spatial interpolation, and surface representation. Animated/multimedia cartography.



GEOG 5512 - Cartography: Topics
(3.0 cr; Prereq-3511 or 3531 or #)
Selected topics include the system of cartographic communication, map design, map reading, map analysis, history of cartography.



GEOG 5530 - Cartography Internship
(2.0 - 7.0 cr [max 10.0 cr]; Prereq-#; S-N or Aud, fall, spring, every year)
Provides intensive hands-on experience in contemporary map production and design, ranging from GIS applications to digital prepress. Strong computer skills essential.



GEOG 5531 - Numerical Spatial Analysis
(4.0 cr; =[GEOG 3531]; fall, every year)
Applied/theoretical aspects of geographical quantitative methods for spatial analysis. Emphasizes analysis of geographical data for spatial problem solving in human/physical areas.



GEOG 5561 - Principles of Geographic Information Science
(4.0 cr; Prereq-grad; fall, spring, every year)
Introduction to the study of geographic information systems (GIS) for geography and non-geography students. Topics include GIS application domains, data models and sources, analysis methods and output techniques. Lectures, reading, and hands-on experience with GIS software.



GEOG 5562 - GIS Development Practicum
(3.0 cr; Prereq-GIS 5571 or #; fall, offered periodically)
Algorithms/data structures for digital cartographic data, topological relationships, surface modeling, and interpolation. Map projections, geometric transformations, numerical generalization, raster/vector processing. Hands-on experience with software packages.



GEOG 5563 - Advanced Geographic Information Science
(3.0 cr; Prereq-B or better in 3561 or 5561 or #; fall, spring, every year)
Advanced study of geographic information systems (GIS). Topics include spatial data models, topology, data encoding, data quality, database management, spatial analysis tools and visualization techniques. Hands-on experience using an advanced vector GIS package.



GEOG 5564 - Urban Geographic Information Science and Analysis
(3.0 cr; Prereq-3561 or 5561)
Core concepts in urban geographic information science including sources for urban geographical and attribute data (including census data), urban data structures (focusing on the TIGER data structure), urban spatial analyses (including location-allocation models), geodemographic analysis, network analysis, and the display of urban data.



GEOG 5565 - Geographical Analysis of Human-Environment Systems
(3.0 cr; Prereq-3561 or 5561 or FR 4131 or LA 5573 or one intro GIS course or grad student or #; spring, offered periodically)
Applications of geographic information systems and other spatial analysis tools to analysis of environmental systems patterns, dynamics, and interactions. Focuses on global to landscape databases developed to analyze atmospheric, hydrospheric, geomorphic, pedologic, biologic, and human landuse systems.



GEOG 5839 - Introduction to Dendrochronology
(3.0 cr; =[01812]; Prereq-[1403, [BIOL 1001 or BIOL 1009 or equiv]] or #; fall, every year)
Historical development, operational techniques, biological background, and principles of tree ring analysis. Applications of tree-ring data to investigate environmental change and past cultures.



GEOG 8001 - Problems in Geographic Thought
(3.0 cr; A-F or Aud, fall, offered periodically)
Currents of geographic thought in biophysical, GIS, human, cultural, and human-environment subfields. Focuses on concepts/paradigms through which geographers have attempted to unify/codify the discipline, around which debate has flourished, and about which interdisciplinary histories can be traced.



GEOG 8002 - Research Methods in Geography
(3.0 cr; spring, every year)
Seminar. Overview of research designs/methods in geography. Relationships between different research paradigms (modes of inquiry), research designs, and methods. Critical readings. Analyses of research projects.



GEOG 8005 - Proseminar: Population Geography
(3.0 cr; Prereq-#; fall, spring, offered periodically)
Conceptual literature and empirical studies on fertility, mortality, and migrations in different parts of the world.



GEOG 8006 - Proseminar: Research Methods in Geography
(3.0 cr; Prereq-#; fall, spring, offered periodically)
Introduction to research design, strategies, methods of data collection, analysis, interpretation, and representation in contemporary geographic research.



GEOG 8007 - Proseminar: Theories of Development and Change
(3.0 cr; Prereq-#; fall, spring, offered periodically)
Recent research themes and questions in geography and related social sciences on Third World development; development theories, conceptually grounded case studies, and grassroots-based research.



GEOG 8020 - Research Seminar: Economic Geography
(3.0 cr; Prereq-#; fall, spring, offered periodically)
Contemporary research. Advanced topics, which vary with interests of faculty offering course.



GEOG 8101 - Proseminar: Nature and Society
(3.0 cr; Prereq-#; fall, spring, offered periodically)
Interconnectedness of environment and people, nature and society. Conceptual literature and empirical studies in human/cultural/political ecology.



GEOG 8102 - Proseminar: The State, the Economy, and Spatial Development
(3.0 cr; Prereq-#; fall, offered periodically)
Introduction to research in economic, political, and urban geography: conceptual research addressing interrelationship between political and economic processes and spatial dynamics of urban and regional development; empirical research documenting nature and extent of this interrelationship at different spatial scales.



GEOG 8103 - Proseminar: Physical Geography
(3.0 cr; Prereq-#; fall, spring, offered periodically)
Historical development of research in physical geography, current research trends, and transfer of current research to undergraduate education.



GEOG 8105 - Proseminar: Historical Geography
(3.0 cr; Prereq-#; fall, spring, offered periodically)
Introduction to conceptual research and empirical studies.



GEOG 8106 - Seminar: Social and Cultural Geography
(3.0 cr; Prereq-#; fall, spring, offered periodically)
Role of space and place in constitution of social and cultural life, social relations, and social identities; class, space, and place; geography of race and racism; environmental racism; geography of gender and sexuality; nationalism, national identity, and territory.



GEOG 8107 - Geographic Writing
(3.0 cr; Prereq-#; S-N or Aud, fall, every year)
Analysis of organization and presentation of geographic research. Critiques of selected examples of geographic writing.



GEOG 8200 - Seminar: Urban Geography
(2.0 - 3.0 cr [max 3.0 cr]; A-F or Aud, spring, offered periodically)
Contemporary research. Topics vary with the interests of faculty.



GEOG 8201 - Explorations in the Geography of Minnesota
(3.0 cr; Prereq-#; S-N or Aud, fall, spring, offered periodically)
Physical environment, agriculture, forestry, mining, land survey, population, recreation, cities/towns, transportation. Sources of information about the state. Students make short oral/written reports. Might provide springboard for a Plan B paper, thesis, or dissertation. Two or three Saturday field trips.



GEOG 8211 - Environmental Policy
(3.0 cr; Prereq-#; fall, every year)
U.S. environmental policies at federal/state level. Policy formulation, implementation, and evaluation.



GEOG 8212 - Africa
(3.0 cr; Prereq-#; fall, spring, offered periodically)
Advanced topics. Topics vary with interests of faculty offering course.



GEOG 8213 - East Asia and China
(3.0 cr; Prereq-#; fall, spring, offered periodically)
Contemporary research, advanced topics. Topics vary with interests of faculty offering course.



GEOG 8214 - South Asia
(3.0 cr)
Advanced topics. Topics vary with interests of faculty offering course.



GEOG 8220 - Agrarian Change and Rural Development
(3.0 cr; A-F or Aud, fall, spring, offered periodically)
Contours of agricultural/rural development in Third World. Theories of agrarian transformation and of rural development. Role of agriculture in economic development. Peasant economy. Nature/role of state intervention in rural sector.



GEOG 8230 - Theoretical Geography
(3.0 cr; Prereq-#; fall, spring, offered periodically)
Advanced topics. Topics vary with interests of faculty offering course. Contemporary theoretical/philosophical themes transcending subdisciplines of human/physical geography.



GEOG 8240 - Medical Geography
(3.0 cr; Prereq-#; spring, offered periodically)
Geographic inquiry concerning selected problems of health and health care.



GEOG 8260 - Seminar: Physical Geography
(2.0 cr [max 3.0 cr]; spring, every year)
Topics of contemporary research. Topics vary with interests of faculty offering course.



GEOG 8270 - Seminar: Climatology
(3.0 cr; Prereq-#; OPT No Aud, fall, odd academic years)
Sample topics: climate modeling; climatic variability; climate change and predictability; severe local storms; drought; energy balance; urban climate; statistical climatology.



GEOG 8280 - Biogeography
(3.0 cr [max 9.0 cr]; Prereq-#; fall, every year)
Forest dynamics, dendrochronology, tree rings and climate, environmental disturbance, paleobiogeography, field/lab methods in biogeography.



GEOG 8290 - Seminar in GIS and Cartography
(3.0 cr; Prereq-#; fall, spring, offered periodically)
Selected concepts/methods. Topics, which vary yearly, include spatial analysis methods in GIS; advanced visualization methods; data quality and error propagation in GIS; generalization methods in GIS and cartography; role of time in GIS; interactive/animated cartography; incorporation of uncertainty.



GEOG 8291 - Seminar in GIS, Technology, and Society
(3.0 cr; Prereq-#; fall, spring, offered periodically)
Relationships between practice of GIS and political, economic, legal, institutional structures of society. Effects of GIS on society. Nontraditional spaces in GIS. GIS and local decision making. Privacy issues.



GEOG 8292 - Seminar in GIS: Spatial Analysis and Modeling
(3.0 cr; Prereq-3511 [or equiv statistics course], [3561 or 5561 or equiv intro GIS course] or #; spring, odd academic years)
Overview of Geographic Information Systems (GIS) and spatial analysis/modeling of human/environmental systems. Spatial statistics, modeling spatiotemporal processes, simulation techniques, visualization, complex systems/complexity. Guidance in thesis/dissertation research.



GEOG 8301 - Advanced Qualitative Methods
(3.0 cr; A-F or Aud, fall, spring, offered periodically)
Techniques available to scholars who use qualitative methods. Participant observation. Formal/informal interviews: life/oral histories, focus interviews. Documentary and material culture analysis. Practical experience, theoretical/ethical questions.



GEOG 8302 - Research Development
(3.0 cr; Prereq-#; S-N or Aud, fall, offered periodically)
Students in geography and related social sciences are guided in key steps to effective research proposal writing.



GEOG 8333 - FTE: Masters
(1.0 cr; Prereq-Master's student, adviser and DGS consent; No Grade, fall, spring, summer, every year)
(No description)



GEOG 8336 - Development Theory and the State
(3.0 cr; A-F or Aud, spring, every year)
Why certain interventionist states in third world countries have been able to guide their economies to overcome legacy of underdevelopment while most have failed to induce development. Internal/external conditions that facilitated such departure from underdevelopment. Comparative national/provincial case studies: Taiwan, South Korea, Botswana, Brazil, India. Applying theoretical approaches to policy issues.



GEOG 8350 - Seminar: World Population
(3.0 cr; Prereq-#; fall, spring, offered periodically)
Contemporary research in world population development and problems. Topics vary with interests of faculty offering course.



GEOG 8405 - Seminar: Graduate Student Professional Development
(1.0 cr [max 2.0 cr]; Prereq-Geography grad student; S-N or Aud, fall, spring, offered periodically)
Strategies for success in graduate program. Preparation for a career as a geographer. Completing/defending the dissertation. Publishing, job search, tenure process, oral presentations, non-academic career paths.



GEOG 8420 - Teaching Practicum
(1.0 cr [max 3.0 cr]; Prereq-[Geog or MGIS] grad student or #; S-N or Aud, fall, spring, every year)
Teaching methodologies, learning objectives, course content, classroom techniques, student/course evaluation. Specific application to instruction in Geography.



GEOG 8444 - FTE: Doctoral
(1.0 cr; Prereq-Doctoral student, adviser and DGS consent; No Grade, fall, spring, summer, every year)
(No description)



GEOG 8666 - Doctoral Pre-Thesis Credits
(1.0 - 6.0 cr [max 12.0 cr]; Prereq-Doctoral student who has not passed prelim oral; no required consent for 1st/2nd registrations, up to 12 combined cr; % for 3rd/4th registrations, up to 24 combined cr; doctoral student admitted before summer 2007 may register up to four times, up to 60 combined cr; No Grade, fall, spring, summer, every year)
tbd



GEOG 8777 - Thesis Credits: Master's
(1.0 - 18.0 cr [max 50.0 cr]; Prereq-Max 18 cr per semester or summer; 10 cr total required [Plan A only]; No Grade, fall, spring, summer, every year)
(No description)



GEOG 8800 - Seminar: Development of Geographic Thought
(3.0 cr; Prereq-#; fall, spring, offered periodically)
Topics vary with interests of faculty offering course.



GEOG 8888 - Thesis Credit: Doctoral
(1.0 - 24.0 cr [max 100.0 cr]; Prereq-Max 18 cr per semester or summer; 24 cr required; No Grade, fall, spring, summer, every year)
(No description)



GEOG 8970 - Directed Readings
(1.0 - 5.0 cr [max 10.0 cr]; Prereq-%; fall, spring, summer, every year)
tbd



GEOG 8980 - Topics in Geography
(1.0 - 3.0 cr [max 15.0 cr]; Prereq-#; fall, spring, every year)
Seminar offered by visiting or regular faculty. Topics vary with interests of faculty.



GEOG 8990 - Research Problems in Geography
(1.0 - 5.0 cr [max 10.0 cr]; Prereq-%; fall, spring, summer, every year)
Individual research projects.



 
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